Other factors affecting the current situation are particularly Californian in nature and are the result of a general scarcity of land in desirable locations. Undeveloped land is priced prohibitively high, especially within the Los Angeles and San Francisco metropolitan areas. Kenny Slaught notes regular setbacks in construction of new projects, resulting in many owners choosing to stay put and renovate, as Proposition 13, the 1978 amendment to the state’s constitution, makes relocating a daunting choice. Though the law caps future property tax increases at 2% based on 1975 assessments, an exorbitant exception takes place when a sale happens and a property is reassessed based on its current value. Ultimately, yearly totals are framed by purchase figures that vary monthly, as real estate demand in California shifts seasonally with most homes moved in June and a small increase in sales at year’s end. Also having an affect on yearly totals are asking prices, interest rates, consumer confidence, negative equity status, quantity and quality of homebuyer jobs, disposable income, saving rates, and elements such major foreign investments.
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